Do Your Research
You can find a great deal of information in the stock tables of your local newspaper, or your favorite financial industry publication. Those stock tables contain a wealth of information you can use to gauge the volatility of a stock market investment. Turn to the stock table in your favorite financial publication. Locate the 52-week high and low for each stock you plan to invest in.
Compare the 52-week high for the stock to the 52-week low. The difference between the 52-week high and the low is a good indicator of how volatile the stock has been over the last year, and how volatile it is likely to be in the future.
Contact the Company
Contact the investor relations department at each company and request a copy of the annual report. Some companies publish these reports online, so you might be able to find past annual reports on the company’s website. If not, check the website and find the contact information for the investor relations department.
Review the price history of the stock as shown in the annual report. A wide spread between the annual highs and lows for the stock is an indication of a highly volatile stock. A company whose share price has been more consistent has shown far less volatility.
Practice on Paper
Create a paper portfolio and track your stocks over a period of several months. List each stock on a separate line and list the daily or weekly price in each column. Tracking the stock price over time will give you a good indication of how volatile the stock is.
While nothing can totally eliminate the inherent volatility of investing in the stock market, there are a number of strategies you can use to reduce the risks of the stock market and increase your odds of finding a winning investment.
The E-Loan Online Banking is one of the safest and securest of all the online banks for investing your money with. At E-Loan they use a SSL server that will confirm your connection each time you log in. This connection is encrypts all of the data and information so no outside party can view its contents. This is done with a 128 bit encryption.
This is what you would expect from an online bank that has made it mark in the financial community as providing a safe and convenient way for people and business to conduct their financial matters online.
This financial institution obtained it reputation by offering great interest rates on mortgages and car loans. Today they have expanded their financial services to also include savings and certificates of deposit accounts.
The current bank rates include a tiered format for their online savings accounts. The minimum deposits are $5,000, $10,000, $25,000, $50,000 and $100,000. The APYs are 0.15%, 0.45%, 0.50%, 0.55% and 0.65% respectively. For all balances below $5,000, the account will earn an APY of 0.05%.
The CD rates include 1 month CD that is earning an APY of 0.15%. The 2 month CD is earning an APY of 0.20%. The 3 month CD is earning an APY of 0.25%. The 6 month CD is earning an APY of 0.30%. The 9 month CD is earning an APY of 1.05%.
The 1 year CD is earning an APY of 1.26%. The 18 month CD is earning an APY of 0.75%. The 2 year CD is earning an APY of 1.00%. The 3 year CD is earning an APY of 1.15%. The 4 year CD is earning an APY of 1.35%. The 5 year CD is earning an APY of 1.90%. The 6 year CD that is earning an APY of 2.00%.
This is what E-Loan Online Banking has to offer. All rates are current as of June 2, 2011 but are subject to change without notice.
We strive to bring you the latest and most accurate data possible from the home sites of the financial institutions we name. Always remember, the bigger the risk, the larger the reward or loss. Invest with caution.
For you to learn a lot more regarding CD Rates Interest, Bank Rates, Sovereign Bank Online, CD Rates, SunTrust CD Rates, Chase Online Banking, Online Banks, Westpac Online Banking, CD rates, PNC Online Banking, chase CD rates from Author pay a visit to –
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If your dream includes you staying at home and making money you may soon find a way to make your dreams come true. There are several different jobs available for those who choose to make money from home. If you are ready to begin here are some tips to starting your own home business so you can make money for yourself.
What do you want to do? There are so many choices today that it makes it difficult to decide. Once you decide what type of business you want to run at home you will need to decide what equipment you will need. Another factor to consider is how much room you will need in your home.
Online survey companies are one way to make money. People are paid to make money. Money is made when you join in online focus groups and test new products that are not yet on the market. You must receive an invitation to the surveys in order to make money. This is a great way to make money from home part time.
Another way to make money online is to become an Affiliate Marketer. Becoming an Affiliate Marketer requires no money up front to get started. Here is how it works. You will need to promote products for a company. Contact the owner of the products and work out a deal to promote certain products on your site. When a product sales you will receive a commission. There are usually no fees to become an Affiliate Marketer. You wont need to ship out any products or handle invoices. You will be responsible for your own advertising to promote the product that you are offering. This should be the only expenses you have.
Create your own website and make money online. When you own your own website you can choose what products you want to sale. You can organize your site to sell the products that you feel are the most demanding or will make the most money. You can sell products from one company or list a variety of products from several companies. You can also list your own products that you make.
Promote your own skills by building your own website and then advertising. Design websites for others, promote your copywriting business, or offer a transcription service. Begin creating your business online now for a great retirement income.
Owning your own travel industry home business is another popular business that is becoming more in demand. Traveling is something people still want to do but now they want to find the best deals. You can offer them a discount in several ways; by traveling to certain destinations, by traveling in a group, by traveling certain times of the year, and by traveling during certain days of the month. There are several ways you can make more money with your online travel industry home business. You may need to try one or two of these businesses in order to find the right one for you.
Houston auto accident lawyer it is surprising to see the sheer number of online insurance companies. Which are all eager to help you get auto insurance quotes online. Search the internet for your car insurance policy will net you page after page of the site. Houston auto accident lawyer each of which is designed to provide auto insurance quotes online almost immediately. But is it safe to provide your personal information to the insurance company online? normally. Car insurance quotes online is very broad and basic. Houston auto accident lawyer the site may ask you for your zip code (in order to determine what state you live in. And the minimum liability coverage is needed there). And little else. Houston auto accident lawyer later, when it comes time to actually purchase a policy online.
There will be many more questions. The final cost of your auto insurance will be based on many factors. Houston auto accident lawyer not considered in your original auto insurance quote online. For example, it is that you have a car. Drive – in a fast sports car or mini-van. Houston auto accident lawyer the value of your car – is just out there to be 15 years old you have your driver recordhow areyour credit rating – people who make their payments are less likely to get many miles you drive every monthwhere traffic violationshow liveafter you buy your car insurance quotes online. But before actually buying the insurance policy and to present information such as your driver’s license and social security number. It’s a good idea to check with your agency. Houston auto accident lawyer
One way to find out that the agency is safe is to look for and find the logo of verisign. Which tells you that the company you are dealing with has taken steps to protect your personal information from hackers. You may also feel more secure dealing with a company well known for these reasons and as all goes well. The insurance giant allstate. Progressive and national also offer consistently low prices. Remember, however, that the intense competition between the institutions these days. New companies are willing to cut prices to win your business. houston auto accident lawyer insurance is the buyer’s market. Getting auto quotes online is safe and easy way to shop for insurance. With a few clicks of your computer. You can find and compare rates from many companies and satisfy yourself that you are getting the most of your money safe.
houston auto accident lawyer what has never been easier to get car insurance quotes online, especially the incredible resources out there, such as car – insurance – quotes – today. It should not be a chore for many, free car insurance quotes new simplified sites, several car insurance quotes allowing you to receive phone calls without the hassle of having to deal with constant phone calls since the.
Test is the most important aspect in determining the candidate’s ability in order to get promoted to the next level or to get qualified for the position a person is looking for. A Test Bank is very helpful for the people who want to sit for a competitive examination which will determine the success of the candidate in getting qualified for the next stage.
Some of the examples of competitive examinations are CAT, MAT, Bank PO, SAT and GRE. These types of competitive examinations are conducted from time to time by various institutions. Some of these exams are conducted to choose the right prospective candidates to fill certain types of vacancies and some of these types of exams are conducted to identify the candidates who are eligible to get enrolled in a specified type of training course such as MBA, Engineering, MCA etc. offered by premium institutes of high repute.
Many people do not know how to go about the preparations for the upcoming competitive examination and search many ways of help to get prepared but for them, test banks are the only way to refer apart from regular studying of the course materials with selective topics. The test bank will give them a fair idea as to which types of questions are likely to appear in the exam with their solutions.
Different types of Test Banks are available for the examinations of different types but all the tests are designed to test the knowledge base, skills, and aptitude of the candidate which determines the suitability of the candidate to reach the next stage. The standardized tests are conducted in this manner and are fixed in the format and the dates are also announced in advance which are applicable for all the candidates appearing for the said test and wanting to get succeed.
About The Author
Christopher Ameji has been associated with providing the content on different kinds of solutions manuals for all the US & international textbooks. The author is primarily dedicated to providing the sources that help the students get the answers to their both even & odd problems given in their textbooks.To visit for Test Bank.
When running a small business, marketing your products and services is an important aspect your must consider and plan for. No matter what industry you play in you will no doubt have competition. Even if you provide a better service or product you still need to stand out so consumers know. Marketing can be a big cost but there are also many affordable alternative to advertise your business.
Here are three simple advertising ideas and suggestions to give you high visility.
Vehicle back windows
A rear car window covererd with a sticker of your business is an affordable option to promote your business. Whenever your car is being driven around your business is being seen. For as little as one hundred and fifty dollars this is a small investment. Depending on how many years your sticker last, the breakdown cost of purchasing you rear window sticker works out to be even less.
Don’t overload the sticker with too much details. Keep the sticker bright and colorful. Avoid a cluttered look with too much details. Keep it simple. Don’t put more than three items of information. Your logo with business name, phone and tagline is all you need.
Large car magnets are another cheap alternative. These magnets are strong enough to withstand high speeds. To repeat – keep the design simple. Order many at a time and hand them out to your friends for their cars. You can purchase four magnets for as little as fifty dollars.
An alternative to magnets is use multiple smaller sized ones. A stack of twenty five magnets can be bought for about thirty dollars. Get people to take notice by scattering you car with these. When people take your magnets you know they’re working.
Ask your signwriter to print you a large banner. The cost of a small banner can be as little as one hundred dollars. We’ve even seen banners from as low as six dollars.
Use the small banners effectively by parking at the front of a busy event or location. Hang the banner from the side of your car. Your car and banner can’t be missed.
These are three simple advertising ideas to kick start your marketing on a budget.
Click Here to see Ryan Johns working these advertising ideas
Before a doctor diagnoses a specific disease, his patient must undergo a series of laboratory exams and assessments. He has to know the history of his patient and how lifestyle affected his present health problem. As results come in, that would be an indication of the time when a physician gives specific drugs and therapies for maintenance. This will eventually contribute to the level of optimum health for that individual. If all else fails, the process will be repeated again.
Similar to a doctor, what the above mentioned situation has stated, an entrepreneur’s responsibility would be pretty much the same. It’s just that, he should see his customers as his patients (not literally)and what they must have to survive a present predicament or a need. He must follow certain steps before doing anything irrational that could contribute to the downfall of his business. He should have certain characteristics innate in his personality for if he lacks one of these, he’s most probably doomed to fail.
Entrepreneurship is collectively defined as exhibiting one’s vision, taking action, and pursuing that vision as a goal to be achieved in life as service to reality. In the meaningless definition, it’s getting your butt out of that couch and doing something rather than fulfilling your life’s destiny of being a couch potato. Stated below are some of the distinct attitudes an entrepreneur should positively have:
Optimism – is foreseeing things in a positive way notwithstanding any circumstances that may hinder progress. The assertiveness of an individual depends on on e’s knowledge of how to handle a difficult situation
Creativity – is thinking outside the box. Expanding one’s mind of what is beyond the ordinary through fine research and collection of data.
Stability – more so mental, social or emotional, a leader must possess a stable life which means he could handle tough situations during tough times
Charismatic – intelligence of communicating with different walks of life.
Risk-taker – as someone beginning their own dream, one should be stern and must have the guts to take the big leap of plunging into their own doom or success. One should not be afraid of taking chances when opportunity strikes.
Energetic – willing to do whatever it takes to reach to the finish line. The inner drive must always be at its highest level happy to work overtime. His or her enthusiasm must prevail the next best thing.
Time bound – like a written report in a newspaper, an entrepreneur must be on top of things,by looking at our past, we could predict our future.
Small businesses, in time, would turn out big if the scope of management exceeds what is expected. So it is necessary for a beginner to be positive about his endeavors. He must be very observant of what his environment lacks and needs.
Think big! Take Action!!!!. Make your business dreams come true.
Egypt’s transformation into one of the emerging economic powerhouses of the twenty-first century has been powered by a combination of smart, reformist economic policies and the hard work and innovation of the private sector. To business leaders here, success is about more than just profits.
Egypt needs to create over 700,000 new jobs every single year, which will require average economic growth of 7% per annum,” says Hassan Abdalla, vice chairman and managing director of Arab African International Bank (AAIB), one of the nation’s leading private-sector financial institutions.
iven the depth of the Egyptian market, he stresses the need to broaden the financial system beyond banking to include other forms of financing such as private equity funds, consumer finance companies, especially mortgage finance, leasing and venture capital. Empowering SMEs is another crucial area for invigorating the financial system. To a considerable extent, these developments are in the process, but they need to have the proper regulations to have them work effectively. This is perceived as increasingly the role to be played by the private sector and NGOs with the government role tilting towards becoming the regulator.
Arab African International Bank is well-equipped to lead change in the Egyptian financial market. Abdalla is the CEO who leveraged the bank to become a forerunner in the Egyptian market in a record time. A visionary banker with a piercing insight partly attributed to his long experience in international financial markets in Europe and the U.S, a deep feel of the potentials of the local market and the inherent competitiveness of AAIB. “It is our deep knowledge of the market, our ability to move fast, our ability to face less risk in innovative ways, and to serve our clients with deep understanding of their needs”, he says.
Established as the first private sector bank in Egypt in 1964, AAIB has placed itself at the centre of an exciting emerging economy through a long, successful history that has combined innovation and trusted partnerships with its customers – from individual account holders to industrial conglomerates. AAIB has posted the industry’s top growth figures for five years running as the Egyptian economy liberalizes and expands. From being the first bank to introduce a foreign currency trading desk in the 1960s to the introduction of credit cards in the 1980s and smart cards in 2003, AAIB has always ensured that its clients enjoy innovative services from a trusted local partner. The bank’s status as the leading private-sector player in Egypt has been affirmed by awards from international observers including Euromoney (“Best Bank in Egypt” for 2007) and the Financial Times, whose banking publication The Banker named AAIB Egypt’s “Bank of the Year” in 2006. International ratings agency Moody’s, in recognizing the bank’s solid prospects moving forward, upgraded its credit rating for the bank in 2006, moving it from an “A” with a positive outlook to “A+” with a stable outlook.
May, 5, 2014 : Company Profiles and Conferences presents a Company Report on “Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam (VCB) – Strategic SWOT Analysis Review”, which provides retail banking services, such as savings, and demand and term deposits, e-banking products, such as SMS banking, online savings and Internet banking. Vietcombank has ATM machine locations in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Lieu, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Pacify, Binh Duong, Ca Mau, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Binh Thuan and An Giang among others.
Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam (Vietcombank) is a commercial banking services provider. The bank offers worldwide trade and traditional services such as capital mobilization, capital trading, credit, and project financing among others. It provides retail banking services, such as savings, and demand and term deposits, e-banking products, such as SMS banking, online savings and Internet banking. Vietcombank has ATM machine locations in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Lieu, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Pacify, Binh Duong, Ca Mau, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Binh Thuan and An Giang among others. The company operates an estimated 400 branches and transaction offices, along with 1,700 automated teller machines and 22,000 points of sale in Vietnam. Vietcombank is headquartered in Hanoi, Vietnam.
Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam Key Recent Developments
Jul 11, 2013: EVN Signs $690.47m Credit Contracts With Four Banks For 1,200 MW Lai Chau Hydro Power Plant In Vietnam
This comprehensive SWOT profile of Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam provides you with an in-depth strategic analysis of the company’s businesses and operations. The profile will give you a clear and an unbiased view of the company’s key strengths and weaknesses and the potential opportunities and threats. The profile helps you formulate strategies that augment your business by enabling you to understand your partners, customers and competitors better.
This company report forms part of the ‘Profile on Demand’ Service, covering over 50,000 of the world’s leading companies. Once purchased, We will comprehensively research and author a full strategic analysis of Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam and deliver this direct to you in pdf format within two business days (excluding weekends).
The profile contains critical company information including,
– Business description A detailed description of the company’s operations and business divisions.
– Corporate strategy Analyst’s summarization of the company’s business strategy.
– SWOT Analysis A detailed analysis of the company’s strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats.
Cord blood stem cells have already been used in treating over 20,000 patients for a wide range of diseases, including types of leukemia and immune system illnesses. Cord blood stem cell treatment is still considered experimental and scientists continue to research its uses in treating other diseases like cerebral palsy, stroke, and diabetes. As further scientific breakthroughs are made, the potential for using cord blood stem cells to treat a variety of diseases and conditions may continue to increase. The first documented clinical use of cord blood stem cells was in the successful treatment of a six-year-old boy afflicted by Fanconi anemia in 1988. Since then, cord blood banking has become increasingly recognized as a source of stem cells that can be used in stem cell therapy.
Recent studies have shown that cord blood has unique advantages over traditional bone marrow transplantation, particularly in children, and can be life-saving in rare cases where a suitable bone-marrow donor cannot be found. Approximately 50% of patients requiring a bone marrow transplant will not find a suitable donor within a critical period. In certain instances, there may be some medical issues around using one’s own cells drawn from their cord blood storage, as well as availability of cells, which will require treatments done using cells from another donor, with the vast majority being unrelated donors. However, studies have shown that stem cells from cord blood banking can also be used for siblings and other members of the family who have a matching tissue type. Siblings have up to a 75% chance of compatibility, and the cord blood may even be a match for parents (50%) and grandparents.
Parents often ask what a cord blood Collection Kit exactly is. A collection kit stores and protects cord blood for delivery to a cord blood bank. These kits vary from bank to bank, and they commonly feature temperature stabilizers, reinforced casings that provide breakage protection, and specialized collection bags for containing cord blood. It’s important to take your kit with you to the hospital, as the staff there will not provide you with one should you forget to bring it. With regards to choosing a reputable bank, it is important to take the time to consider these key questions: Has the bank registered with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and met all necessary state regulatory requirements? Is it accredited? How does the bank store cord blood? How experienced is the cord blood bank? Is the cord blood bank financially stable and profitable? Ask the bank you’re considering what it would do with your cord blood if the company went out of business. Look for a company with a reasonable plan to accommodate customers. For additional information, visit www.cordbloodadvantage.com to learn more.
The financial system is inside the toilet. Though the information everyday people say we are recovering, you might still really feel like we are in a recession. If you ever experience this way, you are not by yourself. Huge amounts of Americans are from do the trick and stressed with debt. On the surface it appears as if there is absolutely no clear way out, but appear somewhat deeper with me and we will find how you can get from financial debt quick and in turn alter your lifestyle for that more desirable.
To start with Action – The amount financial debt do you might have?
If you wish to see change, you might want to see in which you could have been. The initial action puts the ball with your court – Sit down and figure out simply how much debt you have got.
2nd Action – Cut back again and preserve hard earned cash
This is also known as a financial debt food plan. What you do here is glimpse more than each and every single expense as part of your existence which has a magnifying glass. Prioritize everything and make a decision what demands to stay and what can go.
3rd Action – Give attention to long term plans
Have you actually wondered why many people are far more effective and wealthy than other people? Solution.. Drum roll please! The secret is they focus on long term monetary ambitions. In place of making impulse buys and living with the moment, these men and women search way down the line and make selection by how they’re going to be affected years from now. Start thinking like this and you’ll see your banking account expand like insane!
Fourth Action – Financial debt Settlement Providers
I have chosen my Prime Recommendation for Having Guide Now. You can, certainly click to the hyperlink, enter your tips, and see your life alter for the more beneficial by getting from Financial debt Quick
Now you’ve got the knowledge and knowledge to obtain out of bank card financial debt. Be sure that you construct a plan to ensure you can get back on your feet even quicker.
Up coming, take a search at easy methods to get rid of credit card debt to ensure you’ll be able to see which piece with the puzzle that you are lacking in eliminating credit card debt.
WordPress is one of the most essential and highly flexible content management system. It serves as one of the founder for a blog or for fully fledged small business website especially for the online marketing or ecommerce. Now it has become easy to add new pages and post to your blog with WordPress built site. It does not require any HTML, CSS or any other mind numbing acronyms.
It’s quite easy to customize the look of your website in order to make it unique. Hundreds of Plugins can be added in order to add new capabilities thereafter your site will become search-friendly. By adding All in One SEO Pack you can easily optimize each and every page/post in order to boost website in search engine ranking. So in order to build a site like this for small business website you will have to download WordPress from WordPress.org. Here the software is free this is due to its open source feature. Adding to its better features you can also avail themes and plugins in free. Here the only thing you would have to do is to pay for the web hosting that would be as low as $6 per month. Or on the other hand you can also host WordPress site on your own server.
Thereafter you will need web hosting service that supports PHP version 5.2.4 or greater along with MySQL version 5.0 or greater. In this situation Apache or Nginx is most recommended. It is most robust and full of features for running the WordPress inorder to create free wordpress site. After this work will be done without any problem. In the directory Web hosts is listed here you would have to select Bluehost, in this the service is featured in a very prominent manner, it provides unlimited disk storage, monthly data transfer and email address.
Bluehost hosting account has become quite easy with Bluehost installing WordPress. One would only have to install it by using Bluehost’s Web-based control panel and then follow the steps 2 through 6 to create wordpress site free.
Social & Social Components
PayPal Money Adder 2014 includes a big part with Us Tradition. Some people is frequently observed getting involved in pursuits associated with PayPal Money Adder 2014. It is partially because persons of most age groups could be included as well as individuals are generally brought in concert by means of this. Normally an individual whom features his or her do not like for PayPal Money Adder 2014 could be regarded as a outcast.
It isn’t common exercise to affiliate economics together with PayPal Money Adder 2014. Generally, PayPal Money Adder 2014 could be thought to have zero impact on your financial status, however presently there are actually several consequences. Your income market related to PayPal Money Adder 2014 is actually a two. 3 billion dollars greenback annually market as well as rising annually. A has almost one humdred and fifty, 000 folks in the usa by itself. It would be safe and sound to express of which PayPal Money Adder 2014 enjoy a significant role within United states economics and must not be assumed.
After a about three month prolonged study, I have been able to deduce of which PayPal Money Adder 2014 won’t negatively consequence environmental surroundings in any way. The PayPal Money Adder 2014 didn’t apparently lead to waste material as well as wouldn’t become within woods, jungles, estuaries and rivers, lakes, seas, for example… The truth is, PayPal Money Adder 2014 generated some results in our own special small nature.
Ohio can PayPal Money Adder 2014 actually effect nation-wide politics. Not too long ago 5 applicants working intended for some form of situation utilised PayPal Money Adder 2014 as the primary subject with their strategy. Somebody may well believe PayPal Money Adder 2014 is a awful topic to be able to cause a plan using, but also in truth with all the sociable as well as environment result can be provides, this kind of subject matter could gain a large number of enthusiasts. These 5 individuals journeyed several pertaining to 5 on receiving their own opportunities.
Suppose your personal important document is stored in an online database and has been connected to the web page with programming thus enabling you to see your personal important document. Think if the database software holding your important document to be full of securities. Only secure web database can save your document and it can be accessible to any part of the Globe. Besides your personal important document another significant application of online database is banking system that became integral part of every individual in modern banking system, whatever may be internet banking, mobile banking or another term used is core banking. Recent advancement of banking system like ATM, core banking using Information Technology people is very safe while they are traveling far way from home. It is still unsafe traveling with good amount of money, some time pulls your life in danger.
The main advantage of using an ATM is the fact that you can have access banking database up to certain level and as your requirement of cash in your bank account from any part of world, whenever you need it.
For instance, you are at a store that does not take checks or credit cards but it has an ATM, you can withdraw the money for your purchase. This also means you can travel anywhere without cash. If the location has an ATM and you have your ATM card, you can access your money instantly. Now days ATMs are not just technology you can use to access cash using online database software. Some ATMs you can transfer funds between accounts, buy stocks, check account balances and even buy stamps. All of these features can be accessed with one debit card or credit card and a PIN number. If you take measures to protect your PIN and account information, having access to an ATM is very convenient and makes life’s little emergencies far less challenging.
Cautions While Using ATM: You do need some carefulness when using an ATM. Identity thief in recent times using useless ATM receipts to get the bank account numbers of innocent customers. Consumers who have an ATM card are assigned a PIN to use when accessing their funds. Shoplifter sometimes stands close behind an ATM user to get this PIN, and then pinch his purse with the ATM card in it to cheat money from the account.
Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.
Climate Modification and Volcanoes
The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.
It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.
Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.
In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.
One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.
Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.
Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.